Phylum: Annelida. Class: Polychaeta Grube, Groups included. Palpata · Scolecida · Cladistically included but traditionally excluded taxa. Chaetopteridae. The Polychaeta /ˌpɒlɪˈkiːtə/, also known as the bristle worms or polychaetes, are a. Annelida. Class: Clitellata. Order: Oligochaeta. Family: Naididae. Subfamily: Tubificinae. Genus: Tubifex. Lamarck, Tubifexjpg. Tubifex is a cosmopolitan genus of tubificid annelids that inhabits the sediments of lakes, rivers. PENGERTIAN KLASIFIKASI ANNELIDA 1. Polychaeta Polychaeta (dalam bahasa yunani, poly = banyak, chaetae = rambut kaku) merupakan.

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Proceedings of the Royal Society B. Underwater polychaetes have eversible mouthparts used to capture prey.


World Register of Marine Species. Wikimedia Commons has media related to Polychaeta. The body also contains greenish “chloragogen” tissue, similar to that found in oligochaeteswhich appears to function in metabolism, in a similar fashion to that of the vertebrate liver. Tubifex can be easily cultured on mass scale in containers with to mm thick pond mud at the bottom, blended with decaying vegetable matter and masses of bran and bread. The head also includes a pair of antennaetentacle-like palpsand a pair of pits lined klawifikasi ciliaknown as “nuchal organs”.

This page was last edited on 12 Novemberat By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Aphrodita are typically scavengers. Annekida blood vessels themselves are contractile, helping to push the blood along, so most species have no need of a heart.

Most are now commercially obtained from the effluent of fish hatcheries, or from professional worm farms. A simple but well-developed circulatory system is usually present.

Some have even evolved cutaneous invaginations for aerial gas exchange. They can sometimes be brightly coloured, and may be iridescent or even luminescent.

The fertilized eggs typically hatch into trochophore larvae, which float among the planktonand eventually metamorphose into the adult form by adding segments. For much of the year, these worms look like any other burrow-dwelling polychaete, but as the breeding season approaches, the worm undergoes a remarkable transformation as new, specialized segments begin to grow from its rear end until the worm can be clearly divided into two halves.


The blood may be colourless, or have any of three different respiratory pigments. Oligochaeta, Tubificidae with a preliminary reappraisal of the genus”.

Tubifex – Wikipedia

By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. More than 10, species are described in this class. Retrieved 9 August The genus includes the following species: The nervous system consists of a single or double ventral nerve cord running the length of the body, with ganglia and a series of small nerves in each segment.

Wikispecies has information related to Polychaeta.

Continuous, mild water flow is to be maintained in the container, with a suitable drainage system. The most common of these is haemoglobinbut some groups have haemerythrin or the green-coloured chlorocruorininstead. Polychaetes have klasifikasj varying number of protonephridia or metanephridia for excreting waste, which in some cases can be relatively complex in structure.

Retrieved 24 December After copulation, kladifikasi separate and begin to produce egg cases containing eggs, called cocoons.

Retrieved from ” https: In mature specimens, the reproductive organs are clearly found on the ventral side of the body. Bundles of bristles, called setaeproject from the parapodia. Klssifikasi worms are often used as a live food for fish, especially tropical fish and certain other freshwater species. The mobile forms Errantia tend to have well-developed sense organs and jaws, while the stationary forms Sedentaria lack them, but may have specialized gills or tentacles used for respiration and deposit or filter feeding, e.

The digestive tract is a simple tube, usually with a annelidw part way along. Being soft-bodied organismsthe fossil record klaskfikasi polychaetes is dominated by their fossilized jaws, known as scolecodontsand the mineralized tubes that some of them secrete.


51 best Annelida images on Pinterest in | British marine, Marines and Antique illustration

When worms come to the surface due to lack of oxygen, they are collected and washed under brisk stream of water annelidaa remove residual mud attached anneldia their bodies. The smallest species, and those adapted to burrowing, lack gillsbreathing only through their body surfaces. Using these worms as a live food has come with certain problems over the years. Underneath this, in order, are a thin layer of connective tissue, a layer of circular muscle, a layer of longitudinal muscle, and a peritoneum surrounding the body cavity.

Oligochaeta of North America”. Biological Traits Information Catalogue. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

klasifikasi annelida

This risk can be partially solved by keeping the worms under brisk running water until they have voided the contents of their digestive systems. Ina large blobby mass made of colonies of Tubifex was found to be living in the sewers of RaleighNorth Carolina. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

Additional oblique muscles move the parapodia.

Retrieved from ” https: The head, or prostomiumis relatively well developed, compared with other annelids. Klasifikawi using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Most burrow or build tubes in the sediment, and some live as commensals. Paraphyletic groups Polychaetes Extant Cambrian first appearances. The gonads shed immature gametes directly into the body cavity, where anneliea complete their development.

These minute reproductive organs are attached to the ventral side of the body wall in the celomic cavity.